Fertilizer is defined as any substance which is organic or inorganic, natural or artificial, supplies one or more of the chemical elements required for plant growth. Carbon, oxygen and hydrogen are directly supplied by air and water and therefore not treated as nutrients by the fertilizer industry. One of the vital industries for the Indian economy is the Indian Fertilizer Industry as it manufactures a very critical raw material for agriculture which is the major occupation of the country. The fertilizers especially like the ammonia urea plants are energy demanding in their operation.

Fertilizer industry’s main objective is to ensure the supply of primary and secondary nutrients in the required quantities. The Fertilizer Industry is the most energy intensive sectors according to the context of environmental discussions.

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